A flame arrester or also read as an arrestor is a tool that enables gas to pass through it and strops a flame to prevent massive fire or explosion. There’s a wide variety of situation in which flame arrestor is used. Any individual who’s involved in choosing flame arresters is required to understand how these tool work and its functionality limitations.
For that reason, today’s article will give you all the necessary information about flame arresters. It includes the following topics:
- Modern flame arresters: What Is It?
- Modern flame arresters: How Does It Work?
- Deflagration or Detonation Flame Arrester: Which Is Better?
Modern Flame Arresters: What Is It?
Different kind of flame arresters has been utilized in many industries. All of these varieties works on the same objective: eliminating heat from the flame as it travels through passage with a wall of metals and other heat-conductive components — for example, flame arrestor created by most manufacturers to assist layers of metal components with crimped corrugations.
Flame arresters are utilizing in different industries such as pharmaceutical, petrochemical, pulp, paper, chemical, sewage treatment, mining, bulk liquid transportation, power generation, oil exploration, and production. In some scenarios, flames involved with exothermic or heat-producing substances react with oxidation. The methods that generate combustible or reactive gases like acting, mixing, separation, blending, digesting and drilling involves several equipment set-ups and gas mixtures.
Modern Flamer Arresters: How Does it Work?
Flame arresters are passive tools without moving parts. It safeguards the propagation of flame from the open side of the edges to the protected edges with the use of a wound crimped metal substance called flame cell element.
This kind of construction creates a matrix of the same opening that is cautiously built to fight against the flame by absorbing the hotness of the fire. Because of this, it provides a robust extinguishing barrier to the flaming vapor mixture.
Under the standard operating status of the flame arrester, it allows a relatively free flow of air or vapor through the piping system. If the current mixture is ignited and the flame starts to travel back through the piping system, then the arrester will allow the fire to move back to the air source.
Deflagration or Detonation Flame Arrester: Which Is Better?
Other significant variety of the arrester consists of in-line flame or also known as deflagration and detonation. Generally speaking, deflagration means rapid burning, while detonation means explosion. These two varieties are carefully installed in the pipe to prevent flames from passing through.
Most of the in-line flame arrester processes are in the systems that collect gasses or air released by liquids and other solid substances. These systems are typically used in different industries and more often called as the vapor control system, which is totally flammable. If ignition happens, a flame insider or outside of the control system could cause massive catastrophic damage.
Another type of vapor control system is called vapor destruction systems. This control system includes enclosed flare systems, waste gas boilers, catalytic incineration systems, aerial, and burner.
Another type of vapor control is called vapor recovery systems. This system provides vapor balancing, absorptions, refrigeration, compression system, and adsorption.